Hand Surgery for Arthritis | Timely Medical



Living with hand arthritis challenges mobility and quality of life. Hand surgery for arthritis, including Timely Medical alternatives, provides crucial relief. Explore the nuances of hand arthritis, surgical options, factors to consider, and associated benefits and risks in this brief guide.

What is Hand Arthritis?

Hand arthritis, marked by joint inflammation causing arthritis pain, swelling, and reduced function, is common in both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Timely medical intervention is crucial to alleviate arthritis pain and improve overall hand health.

Approximately 70% of rheumatoid arthritis patients report hand and wrist dysfunction, resulting in significant disability and reduced workforce participation. Seeking timely medical attention is essential for effective symptom management and an improved quality of life.

Causes of Hand Arthritis

Understanding the underlying factors contributing to hand arthritis is crucial for effective management. The causes encompass a broad spectrum, highlighting the complexity of this condition.

Age-Related Wear and Tear: Arthritis, a common condition among the aging population, leads to wear and tear on joint cartilage, resulting in hand arthritis. This gradual process causes a loss of smooth joint functionality and discomfort over a period of time.

Autoimmune Conditions: People with rheumatoid arthritis experience the immune system attacking the body’s tissues, leading to joint inflammation, pain, stiffness, and joint diseases in the hands.

Genetic Predisposition: Genetics play a significant role in arthritis susceptibility, with a family history increasing the likelihood of developing the condition, including arthritic joint issues. Understanding one’s genetic predisposition is crucial for proactive management.

Joint Injuries: Hand injuries, whether from accidents or repetitive stress, can lead to arthritis by disrupting normal joint function and causing degenerative changes.

Occupational Factors: Certain jobs with repetitive hand movements, gripping, or vibration exposure may contribute to hand arthritis, especially affecting finger joints.

Types of Hand Surgery for Arthritis

Exploring surgical options, a crucial treatment option for those seeking relief from hand arthritis involves considering various procedures. Each hand arthritis surgery technique has its own merits and considerations, impacting factors such as recovery time.

Joint Fusion (Arthrodesis)

In joint fusion, a common type of surgical intervention for hand arthritis, the affected joint is fused, eliminating painful movement and providing stability. This procedure is particularly effective for specific joints that may not require full mobility.

Total Joint Replacement (Arthroplasty)

Total joint replacement involves replacing the damaged joint with a common artificial joint implant. This procedure is effective, especially for severe cases of arthritis, providing improved joint function and pain relief.

Joint Resurfacing

This technique involves smoothing or resurfacing the damaged joint’s bone surfaces, reducing friction and relieving pain.


Synovectomy is a surgical treatment specifically designed for inflammatory arthritis, concentrating on removing inflamed synovial tissue in the joint. This procedure offers relief from pain and helps slow the progression of arthritis.

Tendon Repair or Transfer

Tendon repair or transfer is a treatment option often recommended for severe arthritis, addressing tendon damage to enhance hand function and alleviate discomfort.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Hand Surgery for Arthritis

The decision to undergo hand surgery for arthritis involves careful consideration of the following:

Severity of Arthritis: Mild cases of arthritis are suited for less invasive procedures, while advanced cases may necessitate joint replacement. A thorough assessment is crucial for effective planning, tailoring the approach to the specific type of arthritis and its severity.

Affected Joints: Procedures for arthritis vary based on joint size, location, and functional importance, allowing for personalized treatment plans. Tailoring the approach ensures a precise and targeted intervention, addressing the unique characteristics of the arthritis in question.

Patient’s Overall Health: Medical conditions like diabetes or cardiovascular issues may necessitate extra precautions or impact anesthesia choices. A thorough discussion with your healthcare provider ensures surgery aligns with your well-being.

Consultation with a Skilled Hand Surgeon: A hand surgeon’s expertise guides personalized advice on the best surgical approach, including discussions on risks, benefits, and expected outcomes for an informed decision.

Benefits and Risks of Hand Surgery for Arthritis

Benefits and Risks of Hand Surgery for Arthritis

Understanding the potential advantages and drawbacks of hand surgery for arthritis is crucial in making informed decisions about your healthcare. Here, we delve deeper into the benefits and risks associated with these procedures.


  • Improved Hand Function: Hand surgery for arthritis significantly improves hand function, enhancing overall dexterity and mobility. This contributes to an improved quality of life, making daily activities easier.
  • Pain Reduction: By addressing the underlying issues contributing to discomfort, surgery can provide effective pain relief, allowing individuals to regain control over their daily lives.
  • Enhanced Quality of Life: Pain relief and hand function improvement often translate into a more active and fulfilling lifestyle.


  • Infection: Surgeons take precautions to minimize this risk, but it remains a consideration that patients should be aware of and address promptly if symptoms arise.
  • Stiffness: Rehabilitation exercises are essential to mitigate this risk, and the extent of stiffness varies among patients.
  • Implant-related Issues: Regular follow-up appointments and adherence to post-operative care guidelines are critical to monitor and address any implant-related concerns.

Recovery from Hand Surgery for Arthritis

After private orthopedic surgery in Alberta, recovery varies by procedure. Adhering to post-operative care and rehabilitation is vital, with significant healing expected in a few weeks to months. For personalized guidance, connect with Timely Medical to explore orthopedic surgery options and enhance your hand health.


Hand surgery for arthritis is a valuable option for individuals seeking relief. Making informed decisions, considering individual factors, and collaborating with experienced hand surgeons contribute to positive outcomes. If you’re looking for personalized care, connect with Timely Medical – your trusted private orthopedic surgeon near you.


Q1: What happens during hand surgery?

A1: Hand surgery for arthritis varies depending on the type of procedure. It may involve joint fusion, replacement, resurfacing, synovectomy, or tendon repair. For detailed information on hand surgery for arthritis, you can refer to resources provided by the Arthritis Foundation.

Q2: What are the warning signs of arthritis?

A2: Warning signs of arthritis encompass joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and reduced range of motion, often leading to the loss of function, impacting activity level, especially in the soft tissue, and indicative of severe pain. Seeking medical advice for an accurate diagnosis is crucial for timely and effective medical management.

Q3: How successful is hand surgery for arthritis?

A3: The success of hand surgery for arthritis is influenced by factors like the type of surgery, patient compliance, and surgeon expertise. It’s highly successful, with a 96% success rate. The recovery period is a common concern, often prompting questions like “How long does hand surgery take to heal?” The process can be lengthy and painful, involving wearing a cast for at least a month. Despite the challenges, many patients report improved hand function and reduced pain post-surgery.

About The Author

Christian Baker

Christian was born in a Group Health hospital in Washington state and holds both American & Canadian citizenship. Christian is the head of our diagnostic & ambulatory surgery department for our Canadian…

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